– Association of European Airlines and its members, 2007, [on line], Available:
– “Delayed and cancelled flights, Fly Rights – A Consumer Guide to Air Travel”, 2007, [on line], Available:
– Regulation (EC) NO.261/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of February 11, 2004.

ICAO Documents

– 9680-C/1014 Council Extraordinary Session, 20 August 1973 and 80th Session
– 1 October-13 December, 1973, Montreal; (1983) 22 ILM, 1157.
– Aerial Incident of July 3, 1988 (Iran v. U.S.) 28 I.L.M.843 (1989).
– Annex l: 7 th ed. (Montreal: ICAO, Sept. 1982).
– Annex 2: Rules of the Air: ICAO Doc. An 2, 10th edn, (2005), Incl.
– Amendments 1- 38; Amendment 39, application 23/ 11/2006.
– Annex 3: Doc. AN 3, parts I and II, 15th edn (2004), lncl. Amendments l- 73.
– Annex 4 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation: AeronauticalCharts.
– Annex 5: Units of Measurement to be Used in Air and Ground Operations;Doc. An 5, 4th edn, (Feb 2003), Incl. Amendments 1- 16.
– Annex 6: (Montreal: ICAO) Part II–International General Aviation–Aeroplanes(3d ed. Sept. 1983).
– Annex 7: Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks; Doc. An 7, 5th edn. (2003), incorporating Amendments 1-5
– Annex 8: Doc. AN &: Airworthiness of Aircraft, 10th edn. (2006),
– incorporating Amendments 1-100. Amendment 100 applicable as of 13/12/07.
– Annex 9: 8th ed. (Montreal: ICAO, July 1980).
– Annex 10 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Montreal: ICAO).
– Annex 11 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, 8th ed. (Montreal: ICAO.July 1987).
– Annex 12 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation: Search and Rearch and Rescue.
– Annex 13 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation: Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation.
– Annex 14 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation: Aerodromes (Volumes I and II).
– Annex 15 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation: Aeronautical Information Services.
– Annex 16 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation: Environmental Protection (Volumes I and II).
– Annex 17 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation: Security – Safeguarding International Civil Aviation against Acts of Unlawful Interference.
– Annex 18 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation: the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air.
– Appendix to C-WP/8708 Reprt of ICAO Fact-Finding investigation, November 1988 at A-122.
– Charter on the Right and Obligations of States Relating to GNSS Services: A 32-19.
Other Documents
– Agreement between the UN and the ICAO. ICAO Doc. 7970 entered into foree on May 31, 1948).
– Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies (“Moon Agreement”), New York, done 18 December 1979, entered into force 11 July 1984; 1363 UNTS 3.
– Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and theReturn of Objects Launched into Outer Space (“Rescue Agreement”), done 22April 1968, entered into force 3 December 1968; 672 UNTS 119.
– Application of Heavy Lift Cargo Airlines LTD Order 89-10-7 (1989) 2. Canadian Aviation Law, Division II-Aircraft Registration, General, Sec. 202. 15 (1), 16 & 17.
– Cape Town Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment.
– Civil Aviation Act 1949, ss. 59 (1), 60. 62.
– Chicago Convention, 1944, ICAO Doc, 73000/6, 15 UNTS 6605.
– Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Assistancfe and Salvage of Aircraft or by Aircraft at Sea (Brussels Convention); (1939) JAL, C 277; (1939) USA vR 259.

– Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Precautionary Attachment of aircraft (also Known as the Convention on precautionary Arrest of Aircraft; (1938) 192 LNTS 289; (1937) JAL 335.

– Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Rulating to International Carriage by Air, Oct. 12, 1929, (Warsaw Convention) ICAO Doc. 7838, 9201; (1933) 137 LNTS 11.

– Convention on Compensation for Damage Caused by Aircraft to Third Parties Resulting from Acts of Unlawful Interference Involving Aircraft. Done at Montreal on 2 May 2009.

– Convention on Damage Caused by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface, Rome, October 7, 1952.

– Convention on Damage Caused by foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the surface (Rome 1952 Convention) 310 UNTS 181; ICAO Doc. 7634; (1952) JALC 447; (1963) USAvR 318.

– Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects (“Liability Convention”), done 29 March 1972, entered into force 1 September 1972; 961 UNTS 187.


According to the growing and development of air industry and air travels of peoples in the worlds, that issues are very basic, but unfortunately passenger’s rights ignores by airlines. The majority of airlines passengers are not familiar with their rights in air travels. This issue is fundamental in passenger’s right. When air passengers to encounter with such problems, like delays, they don’t khnow what they do for pursuit of that rights. The most of airlines for sake of their interests ignores passenger’s rights. The aim of this research is comparative study of passenger’s rights in public internatiuonal law for countries with air industry of Islamic Republic of Iran. The aim of this research is foucs on news transmission of air rights to passengers, and also consideration of correct standards for removeing of vaccum in air industry according to registry and nationality, Montreal convention and othe conventions.

Key Words: Iran’s public law, International Public law, Air law, Rgisrty and Nationality, Montreal Convention.

Islamic Azad University of Science and Research of
Faculty of Law
A Thesis Presented for the Degree of Public Law

Air Law in National and International Perspectives
Dr. Mehdi Hatami

Shahrokh Fallah


1. جباري، منصور، حقوق بين الملل هوايي، تبريز، انتشارت فروزش 1380، صص 139 – 119.
2. بهروز اخلاقی، جزوه درسی حقوق هوایی، انتشارات دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران، 1357، ص 23.

3. همان، ص 11.

4. همان، صص 38- 39.

5. کسرایی فریمانی، زهرا، بررسی ابعاد حقوقی موافقت نامه های هوایی منعقده بین کشورها جهت بهره برداری از آزادی های هوایی، پیان نامه کارشناسی ارشد حقوق بین الملل، تهران، دانشکده علوم انسانیدانشگاه پیام نور تهران، شهریور 1391. ص 98.

6. Nicolas Mateesco Matte, Treatise on Air–Aeronautical Law, Instiute and Center of Air and Space Law (McGill University: Carswell, 1981) at 16.

7. Convention Relatine to the Regulation of Aerial Navigation, October 13, 1919 (Paris Convention ; (1922) 11 LNTS 173.

8. Cujus est solum, ejus est usque ad coelum at ad inferos.

9. Commission Internationale de la Navigation Aeriene.

10. Comite International Technique d’Experts Juridiques Aeriens (CITEJA).

11. Madrid: Ibero – American Convention on Air Navigation (CIANA), known as Madrid Convention; (1972) XI, RJIdeLA 173; (1973) JAL 263.

ازنیمه دو قرن نوزدهم به بعدبه کشورهای آمریکایی که قبلاًمستعمره پرتقال واسپانیابودند ایبرو- امریکن می

12. Havana (Habana); Inter – American International Convention on Commercial Aviation (known as Pan – American Convention); (1932) 129 LNTS 225.

13. International Air Transport Association (IATA).
14. پروين، فرهاد، خسارت معنوي در حقوق ايران، تهران، ققنوس، 1380، ص 51.

.15کاظمي، حميد، “بررسي جنبه هاي حقوقي (قانون و مقررات) رسيدگي به سوانح هوايي”، مجموعه مقالات دومين همايش ايمني هوايي، پژوهشگاه هوافضا، اسفند 1381، ص 63.

16. Chicago Convention,1944,ICAO Doc,73000/6,15UNTS6605.

17. Verschoor (1983),op.cit.at3.
18. Matte,op.cit.at370.

19. Verschoor,(1983)op.cit.at2.
20. خسروي، مجيد، هوا و فضا از ديدگاه حقوقي، (ناشر سازمان عقيدتي سياسي ارتش جمهوري اسلامي ايران، سال1381)، ص 54.
21. Chicago Convention,1944 ICAODoc.7300/6,15UNTS6605.

22. برای ملاحظه آراء دادگاه های مختلف و نحوه ایجاد رویه قضایی رک: منصور جباری، حقوق حمل و نقل هوایی (تهران : میزان ، 1390).

23. پرویز ذوالعین ، مبانی حقوق بین الملل عمومی ، دفتر مطالعات سیاسی و بین الملل وزارت خارجه ( تهران ؛ موسسه چاپ و انتشار، 1377 ) ص 711 .
1.Eliashive, Arlazar,”Article 28(1) of the Warsaw Convention”, (Montreal:McGiII University1972), at page 2.
1. Ibid.

2. Ibid.

3.Ibid, at page 3; from: Shawcross and Beaumont ,On Air Law, 3rd edition by P.B.Keenan, A.Lester and P.Martin(London, Butterworths, 1966),Vol 2,at page 49.
1. Edet Amana Idorenyin,”The Montreal Convention of 1999: Problems AndProspects”, (Montreal: McGiII University 2002), at page10. Available at:

2.Eliashive, op.cit, at page 3.

3. Ibid, and see also: Edet Amana, op.cit, at page 19.

1.Edet Amana, op.cit.
2.Hague Protocol, supranote46 , art. XXVI.

3. Ibid., art. III.

4. Ibid., art. IV.

5. Ibid., art. XI.

6. Ibid.,art; X.

7. Ibid., art. XII.

8. Ibid., art. IX.

9. Ibid., art. XV.

1. Ibid., art XIII.
2. Ibid., art. I(b).

3. Ibid.,art.I(c).

4. Ibid.,art. III (2).

5.Edet Amana, op.cit, at page 24
6. Ibid, art.1.
1. Unlawfulinterference withaircraftby persons on board.

2.Guatemala City Protocol, art. VIII.

3. Ibid.,art. II.

4. Ibid.,art. XII.

5.Ibid., art. XX. This provision makes it statistically impossible to bring the Protocol into force without ratification by the US.
1. EdetAmana, op.cit. at page 32; from: M. Milde “The Warsaw System of Liability in International Carriage by Air: History, Merits and flaws …and the New ‘non-Warsaw’ Convention of 28 May 1999” (1999) 14 Annals of Air &. Space page 167.
2. Ibid.

3. Ibid, at page 29.

4.Agreement Relating to Liability Limitations of the Warsaw Convention and The HagueProtocol, Signed at Montreal on 13 May 1966, CAB No. 18900, (1982) 49 U.S.C. Ss 1502.
5. The Japanese

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